Dr. Pilar Romero speaks to PACRE religion teachers

PACRE will hold its 3rd Annual Conference and General Assembly on May 5, 2018 (Saturday) at the President’s Hall, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos, Bacolod City. The theme of the conference is “The Challenges Facing Catholic Education in the Philippines Today.” The said activity is a venue for all members of the association to keep abreast with the current trends, issues, and challenges in Catholic education. Likewise, it will be an opportune time to strengthen our sense of communion as a professional association of religion teachers. Also, the general assembly will be electing the new members of the PACRE Executive Board (FY 2018-2021) in the afternoon.

Dr. Pilar Romero, Principal of the Senior High School of the University of Santo Tomas, Manila will speak as the keynote speaker. She is a seasoned religious educator, textbook writer and a well-sought resource person on religious/values education curriculum.

PILAR ISIDORO-ROMERO is an Associate Professor in the College of Education and currently the Senior High School Principal of Sociology of University of Santo Tomas, Manila.

As a true-blooded Tomasian, she earned her Bachelor in Secondary Education major in Guidance and Character Education, Magna Cum Laude; Master of Arts in Higher Religious Studies, Magna Cum Laude; PhD in Theology, Cum Laude at the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas.

Prior to her appointment as SHS Principal in 2014, she served her institution as Assistant Dean of the College of Education (1992-1994), Assistant to the Rector for Administration (1994-98, 2009-2012), Planning and Development (2007-2009); Chair, Manpower Committee, Chair, Search Committee for Deans, Executive Secretary, Quadricentennial Commission (2009-2012); Supervising Teacher for Religious Education, Chair, Textbook and Learning Materials Committee (2012-2014)

Among her recent involvements outside University include

  • Member, Technical Working Group for the Philippine Catholic Schools Standard for the HEIs Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (July 2017- Present)
  • President and Pioneer Member of the Society for the Advancement of Catholic Religious Education in the Philippines (SACRED Ph) (August, 2016-Present)
  • Member, Committee that Formulated the Manual for Christian Formation in Catholic Schools Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (July 2014- July 2015)
  • Member, Committee tasked to Draft and Implement the Evaluation Instrument for the Certification of Catechetical Centers in the Philippines Episcopal Commission on Catechesis and Catholic Education (August 2014-Present)
  • Chair, Committee that formulated the K-12 Religious Education Program for Catholic schools all over the Philippines Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (June 2013-June 2014)

As a prolific textbook writer, she worked as:

  • Editor, That Christ, be Formed Series for MAPSA Schools Writer and Consultant on Values and Virtues Magazine (Editor, 2010- Present)
  • Joyful Journey Textbook Series for Religious of the Virgin Mary Schools (Editor, 2010- Present)
  • Aflame with God’s Love Textbook Series for Siena Schools (Editor, 2009-Present)
  • Author and Editor, We Celebrate God’s Love Textbook Series for Grade School and High School (2002-Present)

She also engaged in consultancy works with:

  • Manila Archdiocesan Parochial Schools Association (MAPSA), 2010-Present
  • OP Siena Schools, 2012-present
  • USJR Basic Education Christian Living Program, 2015-present

Her recent research engagements include Action Research on Effective Techniques in CLE, University of Santo Tomas Education High School (2014-2015) and Restorative Approaches in School Discipline, Hawaii University International Conference (2016-2017).

She attended international conferences in Asia, Australia, the United States and Europe.

In recognition of her service and contribution to her institution and CEAP, she was awarded:

  • Outstanding Alumnus, University of Santo Tomas Education High School (2011)
  • Outstanding Faculty Member, University of Santo Tomas College of Education (2015)
  • Award of Recognition for Outstanding Contribution to the Programs and Projects of the CEAP NCR (2016)
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3rd PACRE Annual Conference and General Assembly

The Philippine Association of Catholic Religious Educators (PACRE), Inc. will hold its 3rd Annual Conference and General Assembly on May 5, 2018 (Saturday) at the President’s Hall, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos, Bacolod City. The theme of the conference is “The Challenges Facing Catholic Education in the Philippines Today.” The said activity is a venue for all members of the association to keep abreast with the current trends, issues, and challenges in Catholic education. Likewise, it will be an opportune time to strengthen our sense of communion as a professional association of religion teachers.

The general assembly will conclude with the election of the new members of the PACRE Executive Board (FY 2018-2021) in the afternoon.

Dr. Pilar Romero, Principal of the Senior High School of the University of Santo Tomas, Manila will be the invited keynote speaker. Our invited speaker is a seasoned religious educator, textbook writer and a well-sought resource person on religious/values education curriculum.

In this regard, I am cordially inviting you to attend this annual activity for professional updating and fellowship with other members of the Association. The registration fee of Php600.00 will be charged per participant for one lunch, two snacks, a copy of Constitution and Bylaws, and certificates.

Likewise, I am inviting you to apply for or renew your Membership to the Association (May 2018 – May 2019) by accomplishing the application form and paying the amount of Php700.00 (new applicant) and Php500.00 (renewal). As PACRE member, this is one of your important duties and responsibilities to remain a member of good standing (Article III, Section 7).

The Certificate of Membership will be awarded together with the Certificates of Participation and Attendance at the end of the conference. Please refer to the attached tentative program for more information.

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List of Papers to be presented at the 2017 PACRE Research Conference

The following are abstracts of papers which will be presented at the 2017 PACRE Research Conference.

ABSTRACT: RETHINKING CATHOLIC EDUCATION: EXPERIENCES OF TEACHERS OF A CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY. Catholic education is closely linked to the evangelical mission of the Church. As such, the primary intent of Catholic education is to proclaim the message of salvation to all men. Accordingly, Catholic education aims to provide an integral formation with a religious dimension that will equip the human person to become life, work, and mission ready and attain his salvation. But given the contemporary socio-economic, cultural, political, and technological milieu characterized by the secular and consumerist view and praxis, the value of Catholic education may have been obscured or affected.  Thus, the paper aims to investigate and analyze the views and practices of the faculty of a Catholic University about Catholic education. Purposive sampling method was used to determine the participants in the study. Using a qualitative research design, the data were gathered from the participants using the interview. Aided by the phenomenological method, the findings discovered semblance in the participants’ views and practices of Catholic education with that of Church. Despite the observed undesirable elements that obscure and marginalize it, Catholic education is still Catholic as viewed and experienced by college teachers. The presence of certain undesirable elements may obscure and marginalize its character and mission. Nevertheless, Catholic education as an ecclesial enterprise will continually mold and empower students of Catholic schools through academic and faith formation they received so that they may become work, life, and mission ready. Making religion as the core of the curriculum of Catholic education remains to be a great challenge for the Catholic University under study. Thus, the collaboration of all stakeholders is vitally needed to address this perennial challenge in Catholic education. In the light of the findings, the researcher recommends the re-emphasizing of the evangelical mission of the Catholic university through the alignment of its programs and activities to the vision, mission, goals, and objectives. Likewise, there is a need to re-strengthen of the religious education and campus ministry with a special focus on non-Catholics for a more multicultural approach to Catholic education. Also, the re-tooling of the faculty and non-teaching personnel on the nature and purpose of the Catholic university as well as on the charismatic identity, spirituality, and mission of the institution is a must. The re-assessment of the quality Catholic education of Catholic school in the areas of administration, curriculum, personnel, student services, religious education and campus ministry, community extension, and research is also in order.

Keywords: Catholic Education, Catholic University, Evangelization, Teachers

Author: Dennis V. Madrigal PhD (dennis_madrigal@yahoo.com)


ABSTRACT: RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR OF FIRST YEAR COLLEGE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST. LA SALLE – BACOLOD: BASIS FOR RELIGIOUS STUDIES MODULE 1 DEVELOPMENT. The role of education is vital and is recognized as valuable in the formation of the students in all aspects, and in the full actualization of their faculties and potentialities. Realizing this, the Church is concerned with the realities and developments in the academe specifically in the teaching of religious instruction among Catholic schools and the manner on how religion teachers and catechists transmit the ideals of faith, namely: doctrine, moral and prayer-worship. The purpose of this research is to determine and compare the level of religious knowledge and behavior of first year college students of the University of St. La Salle, Bacolod. Descriptive research design was utilized, employing researcher-made survey questionnaire. Participants were freshmen students coming from the five (5) colleges, namely: Arts and Sciences, Nursing, Business and Accountancy, Engineering, and Education. Multi-stage random sampling was used to determine the number of participants. There were 350 students of the 2,431 student population. Frequency count and percentage were used to determine the profile of the participants. To determine the level of religious knowledge and behavior of students when they are taken as a whole and grouped according to their profile variables, the mean was computed. T-test and One-Way ANOVA were used to establish if there is a significant difference in their levels of religious knowledge and behavior. Moreover, the Pearson Product Moment of Coefficient of Correlation was utilized to test the significant relationship between the two levels. In general, the findings showed the majority of the first year college students were females, mostly were Catholics and graduates of private schools, and many were from the College of Business and Accountancy. Their level of religious knowledge in the aspects of doctrine, morals, and prayer-worship, whether taken as a whole or grouped according to their profile variables, was very high; except for non-Catholics whose level in the aspect of prayer-worship was only high. Results for religious behavior registered high level in the aspects of moralizing and sacramental but obtained low level in the area of parish involvement. The significant difference is found in the level of religious knowledge when grouped according to their sex, religious affiliation, and college; but not significant according to their school of origin. As to their religious behavior, no significant difference was registered for all the profile variables. Likewise, this study revealed that there is a significant relationship between students’ level of religious knowledge and behavior. It can be inferred, in the light of the findings that the research participants learned very well from their religious instructions. However, though they may be very knowledgeable in the Church’s doctrine, moral and prayer-worship; they have not fully realized and put into practice their faith, and become less engaged in the different activities and programs of their respective parishes.

Keywords: Religious Knowledge, Religious Behavior, University of St. La Salle

Author: Barry John Belen PhD (b.belen@usls.edu.ph)


ABSTRACT: PARISH IMMERSION AS RELIGIOUS EDUCATION SERVICE LEARNING EXPERIENCE. Effective learning results from the integrative process of experiential learning in which students can progress in a cycle that stems from experience to reflection, to conceptualization, to application. The student parish immersion program is a form of service learning that is anchored in the Kolbian Experiential Learning Theory. This theory states that in the learning process, knowledge is acquired by the transformation of experiences through the four-stage cycle. With the use of descriptive research design, this paper determines the level of engagement and performance of college students in their parish immersion and the lessons they gained from the services they rendered. A combination of qualitative and quantitative techniques was employed in data gathering and processing. Participants include 300 college students who have gone through the 33-hour immersion program from a comprehensive Catholic university in the Philippines, and the data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. These were distributed to and accomplished by students and their respective parish immersion coordinators who assessed their engagement and performance. In general, the results showed that the students have very high level of engagement and high level of performance in their immersion activities. Students enrolled in service-oriented programs showed higher levels of engagement, but overall, no significant difference was seen in the students’ levels of engagement and performance regarding their profile. However, there is significant difference in the assessment of the students and that of their coordinators as evidenced by the consistently higher assessment given by the coordinators to the participants. The parish community immersion program allowed the students to engage in religious, educational, social and environmental activities which supplemented their classroom learning. The lessons they learned manifested that they have internalized the core values of the immersion program which includes spirituality, service, community life, moral integrity, and education. The recommendations given by the students and their parish coordinators along with the other findings of the study are used to strengthen the community immersion program of the university.

Keywords: Parish Immersion, Experiential Learning, Service-Learning

Authors: Dennis V. Madrigal PhD, Enrique G. Oracion PhD, Glene May Lusares


ABSTRACT: COMPLIANCE WITH POLICIES AND GUIDELINES ON STUDENT AFFAIRS AND SERVICES. Evangelization in educational setting plays a vital role in the areas of Student Affairs and Services. Student Affairs and Services provide opportunities and programs to develop students’ academic competence, skills, and values to become well-rounded leaders and citizens. It is indispensable that institutions deliver the requirements to address the needs of the students to make themselves evangelizers according to their field of interests and endeavor.  Thus, this study aims to measure the extent of compliance with the Policies and Guidelines on Student Affairs and Services as assessed by the implementers and the recipients and gain the insights and implications to the students’ holistic development which is a central basis of being an evangelizer.  It used mixed methods sequential explanatory design. The quantitative phase utilized the descriptive analysis, and the qualitative phase used the phenomenological design.  The participants were the implementers of the offices related to Student Affairs and Services, and the recipients were the graduating students of all colleges. The survey form was adapted from the framework of CMO 9, series of 2013. It consists of three academic support services; namely, Student Welfare, Student Development, and Institutional Student Programs and Services. The researcher conducted interviews with the implementers and among selected recipients until the desired answers were acquired and saturated. A rigorous descriptive analysis through systematic approaches to analyzing qualitative data was employed.  The weighted mean was used to determine the extent of compliance, and the two-way ANOVA was used to determine the significant difference when they are grouped according to colleges. The results revealed a high extent of compliance where the provisions of Student Affairs and Services are complied moderately extensive and are functioning well. There was no significant difference in the assessments between the implementers and recipients. Student Affairs and Services addressed the needs and interests of the students through the quality of service delivery and the opportunities to develop their academic and extra-curricular interests. They provided opportunities for the conduct of activities, discipline, and other services that promote a positive learning environment and the formation of values. Thus, the Policies and Guidelines on Student Affairs and Services mold the students not only in the intellectual formation but also in a balanced personality capable of being witnesses of Christian values and laden with academic competence and life skills. To attain the best quality of student activities, discipline, and services, a positive learning environment, and the formation of values, the findings of this study recommended the intensification of Student Affairs and Services through the religious administrators, student affairs practitioners, academic deans, faculty, office staff, and students.  The collaborative effort of the whole community should be incorporated into the development of mechanisms and programs in the compliance with the policies and guidelines to fortify the individual’s foundation as an educated evangelizer now and in the future.

Keywords: Student Affairs, Student Services, Compliance, Learning Environment, Values

Author: Dexter Paul D. Dioso PhD (dsaunor2015@gmail.com)


ABSTRACT: TEACHING STANDARDS COMPETENCE OF CATHOLIC BASIC EDUCATION TEACHERS. The quality of the teachers determines the quality of education, hence, to ensure the quality education there must be competence among teachers. UNO-R Basic Education department claims to offer quality Christian education; thus, this study is conducted to investigate on the teaching standards competence of teachers to quantify their claim and to gain insights on how to strengthen the quality of teaching-learning processes in the department. Specifically, this study investigated on the level of teaching standards competence of teachers as assessed by teachers themselves and their academic heads regarding the different domains. Qualitatively, it investigated their lived experiences regarding teaching competence. Accordingly, this study is grounded on the theory of constructivism since its purpose is to look into the possible aspects to develop the teachers, enhance their strengths and overcome their weaknesses concerning their competency through their learning experiences. Further, the theories of growth and development and educational productivity are seen very significant to this study. Also, this study is anchored on Republic Act No. 7784, an Act Strengthening Teacher Education in the Philippines, which aims to equip teachers with the appropriate knowledge, skills, and attitude which are found in the National Competency-Based Teacher Standards (NCBTS) which provides a framework that identifies the competency standards for teachers. Correspondingly, this study is anchored in the vision-mission of the university that is committed to the integral formation of the human person through Catholic education. This study utilized the sequential explanatory mixed method. Quantitatively, the researcher used the descriptive analysis method to describe the level of teaching standards competence. Qualitatively, the researcher used the phenomenological research design to investigate the participants’ description of their life experiences regarding teaching competence. The participants of this study were the seventy-seven (77) Catholic teachers and seventeen (17) academic heads of the Basic Education Department of the UNO- Recoletos for the school year 2016- 2017. Quantitatively, it covered the whole population of participants. Qualitatively, the researcher used the maximal variation purposeful sampling. Furthermore, the data were generated using NCBTS, written and face-to-face individual interview. Inferential statistics to test the significant difference in the different domains used independent samples T-test. The findings revealed that teachers have an experienced teaching standards competence.  Moreover, results showed only no significant difference in the domain of Social Regard for Learning. From the narratives of the participants, it was revealed that teaching standards competence is an indicator of the quality of instruction among teachers. The teaching standards competence of teachers is affected by intrinsic factors including knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Further, attitude is the prevailing determinant of the strengths and weaknesses of teachers concerning teaching standards competence. Based on the findings of the study, the school administrators, Human Resource Management officers, and teachers have to create a plan to strengthen the teachers through the provision of varied opportunities and privileges like seminars, training, and graduate studies in local, national and international levels.

Keywords: Teaching Standard Competence, Catholic School, Basic Education Teachers

Author: Marisa B. Petalla PhD (marshe112582@gmail.com)


ABSTRACT: COMPLIANCE WITH THE CHILD PROTECTION POLICY: A CASE OF AN AUGUSTINIAN ACADEMIC INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES.  Child protection policy is a statement of commitment of schools to safeguard children from harm and foster their holistic development and welfare. The Child Protection Policy of an organization serves as the quality of protection it affords to children to guarantee their safety, healthy growth and development, and success in life. The international legal system and child developmental studies are heading towards the right-based system approach which promotes the dignity and welfare of children as individuals with human rights. This investigation is anchored on a study that the implementation of child protection has gaps and weak due to the ambiguity of its extent, interpretation, and execution. In the Philippines, the 1987 Constitution guarantees child protection, but concerns about its implementation still exist. Thus, the government mandated all schools to implement Dep.Ed. 40 Series of 2012 or commonly known as The Child Protection Policy. This study assessed the compliance of the Catholic school under study with the Child Protection Policy by Dep. Ed. Order No.40, Series of 2012 in the areas of the school environment and admission policy, school personnel, information and procedures, safety measures for children, prevention and intervention programs, and personnel training and development. Likewise, it determined the significant difference in the assessment of the assessor as to school’s compliance with the child protection policy. Furthermore, this study determined the insights of the participants into the Child Protection Policy practices of the school. The study used sequential explanatory mixed method design. Accordingly, for the quantitative phase, descriptive analysis survey method was used in this study and recursive textual data analysis for its qualitative phase. The participants of the study are the school heads and personnel, and parents of the Basic Education Department who assessed the extent of the school’s compliance with the Child Protection Policy in the areas of the school environment and admission policy, school personnel, information and procedures, safety measures for children, prevention and intervention programs, and personnel training and development, based on Dep.Ed. 40 Series of 2012. The data were gathered using a validated researcher-made questionnaire and a semi-structured interview. The self-made questionnaire was subjected to face validity evaluation of five experts using the criteria by Good and Scates. Also, Cronbach Alpha was used to get the 0.972 reliability index of the survey tool before its utilization in this study. Additionally, the quantitative results were further strengthened by the narratives of the participants which were taken from their respective interview. The findings show that the Augustinian educational institution fully complied the provisions of the child protection policy. Regarding areas, the personnel training and development was partially complied by the school. A significant difference was found in the extent of compliance of the Augustinian academic institution with the child protection policy when the assessors are grouped according to their classification. It is recommended that child protection should be integrated into the quality management system of the school to establish quality assurance measure in dealing with child protection related matters.

Keywords: Augustinian Academic Institution, Child Protection, Compliance, School Children

Authors: Karen L. Zamora PhD, Dennis V. Madrigal PhD, and Araceli C. Doromal, EdD

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Meet the Plenary Research Presenters at 2017 PACRE Research Conference

The 2017 PACRE Research Conference will culminate in the research presentations of Catholic educators from different Catholic schools in Negros. The themes of their papers include teaching competence, parish immersion, religious knowledge and attitude, child protection policy, student services, and catholic education.


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Dr. Enrique Oracion will lecture at the 2017 PACRE Research Conference

The Philippine Association of Catholic Religious Educators, Inc. (PACRE) is celebrating this year its 2nd Founding Anniversary (2015-2017). To fittingly celebrate this milestone, the Association will hold the 2nd Annual Research Conference on December 9, 2017 (Saturday) from 8:00 A.M. until 5:30 P.M at the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos.

The theme of the conference is “Responding to the Challenges of Catholic Education through Research.” The conference hopes to help us build and strengthen the research competence and fellowship of religion teachers, research students, and teachers.

We have invited DR. ENRIQUE G. ORACION as our resource speaker who will talk about “Perspectives and Challenges in Quantitative Research.”

He is Professor of Sociology and Anthropology and currently the Dean of the University Graduate Programs (UGP) of Silliman University in Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental. He had served for nine years as Research Director of the University prior to his appointment as UGP Dean. He earned his Bachelor and Master of Arts degrees major in Sociology from Silliman University while he completed his Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of San Carlos in Cebu City. Dr. Oracion was also a United Board Fellow assigned at The Chinese University of Hong Kong (2011) and Baylor University, Texas, USA (2012). He currently serves as board member of the Anthropological Association of the Philippines (AAP) and Philippine Sociological Society (PSS) and as a member of the Technical Committee for Sociology for the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and Technical Review Board of the Central Visayas Consortium for Health Research and Development (CVCHRD). He is also a regular member of the National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP). His disciplinal interest is environmental anthropology but his publications are specific to gender issues, education and service-learning, ecotourism and protected area management, cultural heritage management, culture of disaster and resiliency.